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Dandruff: Causes & Treatments

Dandruff Symptoms and Causes

Dandruff is a skin condition and the symptoms are itchy, scaly scalp and white, oily flakes in your hair and on your shoulders, which makes you uncomfortable and embarrassed; it may get worse in fall or winter season, or dry air. Dandruff is considered to be a mild form of seborrheic dermatitis (in adult) or cradle cap (in babies).

Speaking of dandruff, most people think of poor hygiene. But it’s more related to the following factors:

– Sensitive, oily skin

– Dry skin

– Unsuitable hair products

– Other conditions, such dermatitis, psoriasis and eczema

– Not shampooing enough

– Male (some researches show that male hormones are more susceptible)

How to Treat Dandruff

How to Treat Dandruff

Besides going to see a doctor, you can treat dandruff yourself in mild condition. Use the shampoo that contains:

– Zinc pyrithione

which is antibacterial and antifungal, helps slow down the production of excess skin cells.

– Selenium sulfide

reduces the production of natural oils by glands in the scalp. But be aware that this type of shampoo may discolor lighter shades of hair.

– Ketoconazole

antifungal ingredient and effective in treat both dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis.

– Coal tar

ease conditions from dandruff to psoriasis by slowing down your scalp’s skin cells death and flakes. Be aware that tar soaps may make the scalp sensitive to sunlight.

– Tea-tree oil

used to treat psoriasis and also acne. Tea-tree oil has anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties, and is effective on alleviating strain of fungus. Be aware that some people may allergic to this ingredient since it’s irritant to sensitive skin.

– Salicylic acid

helps the skin lessen skin cells and make your scalp dry. However, if you feel your scalp too dry and flaking worse, you should stop the treatment and ask your doctor.

There are some home remedies for reducing and controlling dandruff, such as:

– Apply Aloe Vera

a type of succulent that is beneficial in the treatment of dandruff, ointments, cosmetics and lotions. It also smooths scalp and conditions hair, which is included in this article: Homemade Remedies for Hair Regrowth

– Moisturize

choose the shampoo and conditioner with moisturizing effects which can help with scalp itchiness. Coconut oil is also a great choice for reducing dryness.

– Try Aspirin & Probiotics

Aspirin contains salicylic acid that helps for anti-inflammatory and gets rid of scaly skin, loosens flakes; Probiotics have been shown to help reduce dandruff, enhance immune function, and also decrease eczema, dermatitis. People can have probiotics in many kinds of supplement, or many types of food (kimchi, tempeh, natto and so on).

– Minimize Stress

Stress is believed to impact many aspects of health and well-being, influences from physiological to mental conditions. Sustaining high levels of stress long-term may suppress the activity of the immune system.

While dandruff can be annoying and embarrassing, there’re plenty of remedies available to reduce symptoms and provide relief. Keep trying different types of treatments until you find something that works for you.

You can also refer to the resource of AAD: HOW TO TREAT DANDRUFF 

How to Treat Dandruff